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93% of Daily Driving is Within EV Range

A study conducted by Columbia University Ph.D. students found that 93 percent of daily car travel done in America is within the genuine cialis pills battery range of electric vehicles.

The students analyzed data from the wow it's great how much does viagra cost National Household Travel Survey where people reported the miles driven on individual trips and over the course of an entire day.  The study found that 95 percent of one-way trips were 30 miles or less, far below the battery range of the EVs on the market today.  Further, 93 percent of cars traveled less that 100 miles in a full day.

The 100-mile range mark is the standard goal for most automakers right now.  Not every automaker has hit that mark exactly, but most are coming close.  For instance, Nissan claims a 100-mile range for the buy now viagra LEAF, which applies to ideal driving conditions, while the EPA gave it a 73-mile range rating based on real-world driving.  The Honda Fit EV, coming out this year, will have a range between 76 and 123 miles depending on driving conditions.

Battery range will continue to improve as technology moves forward and automakers get better at manufacturing EVs and as that happens, less and less people will be able to have "range anxiety."

via Grist


Introducing Coda, a New EV Manufacturer

One of the surprises at this year's NAIAS was the presence of several companies with exclusively electric vehicle lines. Tesla has been at the show regularly for the past few years, but this year also saw the presence of several electric vehicle (EV) companies on the main floor. One of these companies is Coda, a company that has just a single model at the present time (the website refers to "The Car", singular).

The Coda is largely manufactured in China. The company website says that, "Our chassis and body (glider) are manufactured at an existing facility we lease and operate in China... we ship the glider to California, where we install the energy storage system, and complete vehicle assembly. The final inspection and quality assurance processes also take place in California." However, they also note that, "The majority of the vehicle’s key electric drive components are manufactured in the United States."

Coda does not have particularly distinctive styling; it's a stealth EV in that sense, looking more like a generic compact car, rather than a distinctively recognizable car like a Volt or a Prius or a LEAF. The car is a 5-seater with a range of up to 150 miles. The battery is lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) with a capacity of 36 kWh. The base price for the Coda is $39,900.

It will be interesting to see if Coda is able to get a foothold in markets in the US or elsewhere.  Is this the beginning of something new, or just a blip in the turbulent automotive world?


The State of Electric Vehicles in 2012

Electric vehicles have certainly slid from their peak of prominence at the 2010 NAIAS, but they hold a place in the overall automotive fleet that will only continue to grow. Whether or not they are going to buying viagra online canada replace the internal combustion engine is a separate debate that I don't propose to weigh in on here.

As I noted in my first article about this year's Detroit Auto Show, some kind of hybrid or EV seems to be a part of having a complete line for all the major car makers. More Priuses from Toyota, the VW E-Bugster concept, Ford's C-Max and hybrid and tramadol cod only EV Fusion models, and other examples all add to the fleet of it's cool canadian viagra scam electric vehicles available.

In addition to the big manufacturers, there were three companies dedicated to electric drive vehicles that were on the main floor this year: Tesla, Coda, and VIA (more about these forthcoming). AMP Motors also had two vehicles on the lower level Ride & Drive track, and is exhibiting in the Concourse during the Public Show period.

While many small companies had a main floor presence with the 'Electric Avenue' that was part of the 2010 show, those three companies were there with freestanding displays, rather than just being part of a specialty side show. (By my count there are 37 nameplates on the main floor, so, by that measure, EVs are approaching 10 percent of the brands showing at NAIAS; it doesn't mean anywhere near that number of EVs are in the global fleet, but I think it does indicate that they are a growing presence in the market.)

Straight electric vehicles are still expensive to buy, and though those costs will come down, they are going to remain a barrier for many buyers. Extended-range electric vehicles offer short-range all-electric drive and plug-in economy along with range flexibility of a liquid-fueled vehicle. All-electric EVs have limitations, and aren't suitable for every driver, but neither tiny subcompacts nor monster SUVs meet every need, either. All vehicle choices include tradeoffs, and for some drivers' needs, all electric vehicles are a viable solution.

Cold weather, which has been a concern for EVs in general, seems to be starting to levitra injectable be addressed (after all, some EVs are going to be driven in parts of the US other than the uk viagra purchase Southwest). The newer Nissan LEAF will have seat warmers and steering wheel warmers, which will cut into the overall driving range, but will make it more comfortable to drive on cold days.

Maintenance is another factor that many electric drive companies are starting to discuss. Electric motors need much less maintenance than ICE engines, and the reduced maintenance costs will be another factor that will more readily be figured into the consumer economics of total EV ownership cost.

Lastly, if you haven't seen them already, shortly before this year's NAIAS, there was a discussion about electric vehicles between Joel Johnson's You Are Not Alone. America Hates Electric Cars (Jalopnik) and Maggie Koerth-Baker's Hey, electric cars don't totally suck: A realistic sort-of rebuttal (BoingBoing). There are good points made in both articles, and those with a strong opinion on the subject may be interested in reading these two articles as well.

image: EcoGeek

links: Green Cars at NAIAS 2012
You Are Not Alone. America Hates Electric Cars
Hey, electric cars don't totally suck: A realistic sort-of rebuttal (BoingBoing)


U.K. Approves New High Speed Rail Line

The U.K. is now even closer to having a high speed rail line that connects the farthest corners of the English countryside. The first phase of the High Speed Two line, which will link London and Birmingham, has been approved.

The new Y-shaped rail network will ultimately connect Leeds, Manchester, London, Birmingham and a port that uses the Channel Tunnel to cross over to mainland Europe. The network will also include a direct route to Heathrow Airport and link to existing rail lines.

The trains on the line will run at speeds up to 250 miles per hour, making the trip from Birmingham to London in just 49 minutes compared to the 84 minutes it takes today. Other popular routes will be cut in half as well. The government expects 9 million car commutes and 4.5 million plane commutes to be replaced by train commutes every year when the rail line is completed.

The first phase will start construction soon and brand levitra could be running by 2026. The second phase, which will reach Manchester and Leeds, could start construction as soon as 2014 and be running by 2033.

via BBC


Connected Cars a Theme for NAIAS 2012

Both the buy ultram canada North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) in Detroit and the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas are underway this week. I went to the auto show (largely because it's closer), but a lot of try it viagrabest viagra this year's emphasis seems to be on the integration of cars with cloud computing.

Green cars are present, but they aren't the focus they have been in previous years. In their floor displays, Chevrolet's Volt, Nissan's Leaf, and the Toyota Priuses (among others) are just another part of the lineup, without a lot of special attention. The Honda Civic Natural Gas car, which won the Green Car of the Year, sits off to the side of the Honda display like a tacked on levitra levitra online afterthought.  Everyone may still have EVs and hybrids, but it seems that they're an expected part of a complete line, and don't need to be emphasized as in previous years.

Several manufacturers presentations focused on making the car a connected platform, emphasizing smart features like navigation and integration with social media. Ford's 'Cloud' presentation is a 12-seat ride that raises up above the show floor into a 360 degree panorama presentation about the connectedness of their systems.

More broadly, this starts to present the car as a service rather than just a product; the connectivity the car offers instead of a thing that one has. One of Ford's displays around the 'Cloud' exhibit graphically shows the percentage of automobile owners in several world cities. If automakers are starting to see this as a trend, there could be something more revolutionary going on, and even more overlap between NAIAS and CES may be forthcoming in the coming years.

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