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Biofuels

One Man's Garbage is Another Man's...Tomato?

Being next to a landfill has its perks and viagra overnight no prescription in Illinois, they've figured out to turn garbage into fuel for greenery. Waste Management's Five Oaks Landfill in Taylorville, IL opened its gas to energy plant last October and is now providing heat to its new neighbour, Buckley Growers greenhouse.

Buckley's, which had previously been located in Springfield about 30 miles away, produces young plants for greenhouses as well as ornamental and seasonal plants. The five-generation-old business had been struggling with high energy costs to online us levitra heat its 50 year old facility.

In its new greenhouse, Buckley's uses the hot water from the landfill's generators to reduce its heating costs. The landfill is tramadol overnight saturday one of 11 gas-energy projects in Illinois and produces enough electricity to power nearly 2,500 homes in Taylorville.

Five Oaks captures the landfill gas, primarily methane, through a network of pipes and wells drilled into the lowest viagra price landfill. A vacuum system sucks the gas from the landfill and a power plant condenses and removes impurities. The gas then fuels the engines driving the generators to produce electricty.

Buckley uses the hot water created by Five Oaks as a fuel source for its greenhouse and 20 thousand square-foot-production support building. The water is distributed in via an extensive network of pipes in the floor and canadian viagra for sale aerial pipes along the hanging basket line, keeping the plants well-heated.

 

Landfill Gas to be used to Run Garbage Trucks

Turning garbage into gold isn't going to happen anytime soon, but perhaps all that waste doesn't need to go...waste. Landfill gas, which comes from the natural decomposition of organic waste, can be purified and liquefied into clean fuel.

A new joint venture between North America's largest waste management company, Waste Management, and Linde, a leading gases and engineering company, is hoping to invens.nl "close the viagra uk sale loop" by producing fuel from garbage and using it to power garbage trucks. The companies will construct a liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility at the Altamont Landfill near Livermore in California that (when it begins operation next year) could produce up to 13,000 gallons a day of LNG.

That gas will be used for vehicle fueling the collection trucks. Natural gas is already the cleanest burning fuel available for Waste Management trucks. Additionally, collecting methane for burning has an overall positive effect on buy levitra viagra online global warming, because methane is a much more powerfull greenhouse gas than CO2.

Linde North America estimates that capturing and reusing landfill gas could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 30,000 tonnes per year.The LNG produced from the Altamont landfill gas will be a virtually zero-carbon transportation fuel and eventually lead to more facilities that can produce more than 200 million gallons of tramadol cash on delivery saturday delivery clean transportation each year from the garbage in California's landfills.

There's a lot of garbage out there and any way it can be re-used instead of just letting it rot away in landfills is a great thing. Waste is a terrible thing to waste.

Via TreeHugger

 

GM's Deal with Mascoma and www.animationnation.com What it Means

Less than a year ago, GM announced that it was investing in Coskata, a startup with a unique process for turning waste materials into fuel. Now they've announced that they've invested, and taken equity, in Mascoma, another cellulosic ethanol producer. Coskata can turn things like corn husks and mulch and even old tires into ethanol. Mascoma's process is a bit more limited, but also turns non-food plants into ethanol. GM loves ethanol because, if it can be produced cheaply, locally, and sustainably, then cars might continue their supreme reign for another fifty years.

GM has already invested a lot of money in creating biofuel vehicles, and they plan to have most of their new vehicles be E-85 capable by 2012. Of course, having E-85 capable vehicles is buy discount viagra online useless without ethanol. So GM, it seems, is giving a little shove to the industry. And they're also planning on making some money off of it.

Coskata's process is somewhat unique among ethanol makers. Instead of using microbes and enzymes to best place viagra digest the cellulose, Coskata uses a self-sustaining plasma reaction to gassify the stuff into CO and hydrogen gas before feeding it into a bioreactor. This eliminates the cialis 25mg need for specialty microbes that are able to digest tough plant fiber. It also allows Coskata to use a wider range of feedstocks, including lignin (what trees are made of) and even plastics.

Mascoma uses a more traditional approach. They physically chop the plant material down, and then their specially selected microbes are able to eat it and convert it into sugar (first) and then ethanol. Mascoma's process, however, requires the addition of levitra from canada external enzymes, which are very expensive. But it doesn't require the input of as much energy as Coskata's process.

In short, both Coskata and Mascoma are leaders in cellulosic ethanol production, but they use very different techniques. At this early stage in the development of these fuels, GM is wise to be attempting to spur development of more than one cellulosic ethanol production method. And while both techniques are going to be producing ethanol for sale in the U.S. soon, there's no way to tell which is going to be cheapest or most disruptive.

GM, with its deep pockets, can afford to cost levitra invest in these companies. First, because there is a lot of money to be made in cellulosic ethanol. But, second, because without cellulosic ethanol, it might not matter what GM does with any of its money. Without the cheap, sustainable fuel that these companies hope to promote, the system that GM thrives on, and GM itself, might not exist at all.

Read the GM Mascoma Press Release here (PDF). And check out Mascoma's description of their technology at their website.

 

Algae BioFuel On Sale Soon

Just last week I was gushing about all of the press algae biofuel had been getting, and without even a single company with a commercial scale plant online.

Well, apparently folks could smell the viagra paypal green sludge on the horizon because Green Fuel Technologies just announced they had begun construction of their commercial scale algae plant while PetroSun announced they'd be taking their pilot algae farm commercial on April 1st.

Now, this obviously isn't ethanol, with millions of viagra propranodol gallons of production...or even cellulosic ethanol, with a wood-waste to fuel plant ready to go online this year, but it is a big deal.

It's a big deal because algae don't just create energy from the sun...they create energy from the sun more effectively than anything else save photovoltaic panels. And, as you may have guessed, they're a heck of a lot cheaper than photovoltaic panels. Green Fuel Technologies is adding another environmental advantage, planning to hook their algae bioreactors up to the smoke stacks from power plants.

So the algae will be using the sun to turned burned fuel back into fuel. Theoretically, this could become a closed loop. Burn fuel...feed exhaust to indian cialis algae...harvest algae for fuel...burn fuel...etc.

PetroSun's facility, on the other hand, has 1,100 acres of open ponds growing algae in Texas. Open ponds are cheaper, but it's more difficult to control which species of algae are growing, so less productive strains often take over. Also, you can't feed your crop with CO2 straight from a power plant.

Via Gas 2.0 and GreenTech Media

 

Florida City Will Soon be Powered by its Own Poo

With a logo like that, one might not expect MaxWest Energy to be in the business of converting human waste sludge into energy...but that's what they do.

MaxWest has just partnered with the city of Sanford in Central Florida to create a sludge to energy plant. The plant will convert the sludge that comes out of Sanford's water treatment plant into carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which can both be combusted. So the waste will be taken care of, and as the sludge ultimately came from biologics (the corn and viagra no perscription uk cows that Sanfordites eat) it's pretty much carbon neutral.

And, of course, there's a financial benefit as well. Over the life of http://www.sinai.org.il/viagra-online-buy the MaxWest contract, the city of Sanford will save about $9 million over the cialis delivered overnight cost of burning natural gas for the same energy.

Via Renewable Energy World

 
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