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UN: "Nature Kicks Carbon Capture's Butt"

The United Nations Environment Programme released a report last Friday for World Environment Day titled "The Natural Fix? The Role of Ecosystems in Climate Mitigation." In it, UNEP makes the case for investing in protecting fragile ecosystems as a form of carbon mitigation instead of carbon capture and cheap cialis canada storage technology. The report highlights the cialis overnite ways in which nature is better at regulating carbon than CCS through the carbon cycle and how preserving nature's role in carbon regulation will bring greater and cheaper benefits.

The report explains that the priority ecosystems to protect are tropical forests and peatlands. Reducing deforestation by 50 percent by 2050 could prevent the release of 50 gigatonnes of carbon into the atmosphere this century, which meets 12 percent of levitra holland the emission reduction recommendation by the IPCC. Peatland restoration could prevent the release of up to 0.8 gigatonnes of carbon per year.

The other main area that the report devotes attention to is agriculture. UNEP believes the agriculture sector could be be mostly carbon neutral by 2030 if necessary policies are adopted, therefore preventing the release of 2 gigatonnes of carbon per year.

The report calls for governments to draft carbon management policies that rely more on ecosystem protection and restoration and less on funding CCS technologies, particularly during the upcoming climate convention in Copenhagen.
You can access the full PDF of the report here.

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Who's On First???
written by Michael L. Wagner, June 08, 2009
The "Sustainable Forestry Industry" project of the WBCSD started in 1994, when a group of companies led by Brazilian Aracruz Celulose and Finnish UPM-Kymmene initiated a study focusing on paper production.”

WBCSD = World Business Council for Sustainable Development--a coalition of 150 large corporations, currently chaired by Shell's Phil Watts, created to provide business input into the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, which has contributed to blocking attempts to regulate business.

“The next step was the creation of the "Forest Dialogue", which included land owners, the forest industry, some NGOs and the World Bank. The goal of the dialogue … was to develop a consensus vision on the world forests …”

“The credibility of the self-proclaimed quest for sustainable forestry is seriously undermined by the shameful record of the two corporations that initiated the project.”

“UPM-Kymmene is heavily criticized … for its damaging activities in Indonesia, misconduct that continued ... In 1997, the Finnish wood products giant got a paper plant in Changsu, China, which processes pulp from PT Riau Anadalan Pulp and purchase cialis online Paper (RAPP), the second largest pulp producer of Indonesia.”

“RAPP's mill in Riau, Sumatra, was expanded with a $750 million investment package supported by the Finnish and Swedish export credit agencies. The Riau mill produces 750,000 tones of pulp each year by logging the natural rainforest, substituting over 50 species of tropical hardwood for acacia plantations. Local communities have suffered severe impacts, the river essential for their livelihood has been polluted, they have been evicted from their lands with no compensation and have faced physical violence when protesting.”

“… Aracruz Celulose, specializes in bleached eucalyptus pulp. The company is particularly infamous for its destructive social and environmental impacts in the Brazilian states of Espirito Santo and Bahia. Aracruz … uprooted indigenous peoples such as the Tupinikim and the Guarani from their lands. … Aracruz's Norwegian chairman -- Erling Sven Lorentzen-- failed to order propecia now appear before the Parliamentary Investigation Commission of the State Parliament of Espirito Santo that is investigating irregularities of purchase levitra soft tabs the company’s activities …”

“… International Monetary Fund loans and policies have caused extensive deforestation in countries of Africa, Latin America, and Asia.”

“… the record shows that funding for environmental programs has been hampered by the significant cuts in government spending imposed by the IMF as part of its loan conditionalities. Government spending on important environmental programs has thus been substantially reduced in Brazil, Nicaragua, Guyana, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Tanzania, and Cameroon. … Additionally, inadequate funding for regulatory agencies has created conditions for: Widespread illegal logging, including in national parks and ordering levitra protected reserves; Corruption in regulatory schemes; The inability to respond rapidly to natural disasters; Extensive poaching of imperiled species.”
“Additionally, IMF policies have impacted on forests and wildlife indirectly through the worsening of poverty conditions in many tropical countries. Through displacement of communities, devaluation of currencies, elimination of 100mg levitra social services, and other IMF-driven downward pressures on the living standards of local peoples, rural residents in many countries have been forced to exploit forest resources to fulfill their basic needs.”

“The World Bank has a long history in forest destruction. … As a result of strong international campaigns, the Bank prepared a Forest Policy paper in 1991 to help ensure that its activities would promote forest conservation. … It was spelled out as an Operational Policy in 1993 with the promise of changing the Bank's approach to forests. However, the Bank failed to implement its own policy.”

“Although the policy was not implemented in practice, many Bank staff felt unhappy … and pressed for the brand name viagra development of a new policy which would allow for the financing of large-scale forestry operations. However, given the previous controversies around World Bank Forest Policy, the intended policy changes required to at least give the appearance of a consultative process …”

“… the input provided by the consultations and the TAG has evaporated into thin air. The consultations were a sham.”

“… some of the most disturbing elements of the draft OP: Although economic and trade policies have long been identified as driving forces of deforestation, the OP does not apply to buy discount cialis online the growing area of structural and programmatic lending; The Bank's private sector arms, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) are exempt from the OP; It opens the doors to extractive investments in all types of forests except those deemed to be "critical" by World Bank officials. There is no stakeholder participation in the definition of ‘critical forests;’ Even ‘critical forests’ may be logged or cleared where alternative locations are not "feasible" and as long as undefined "mitigatory measures" are proposed; It opens the door to Bank financing of plantations in forests, although it "prefers" these not be areas specially cleared for the purpose; It opens the door to rogue certification schemes since Bank funding of commercial logging is to be subject to third party certification or an action plan promising such, but without setting clear standards; The draft OP no longer requires that areas be set aside for indigenous peoples and other forest dwellers (this is a requirement of viagra in australia for sale the existing Forest Policy); Similarly, the draft OP has dropped a previous requirement to set aside areas for conservation alongside forest exploitation.”

“In November of 2001, trade ministers from 140 nations gathered in Doha, Qatar to give the World Trade Organization (WTO) a historic new mandate that could intensify logging of native forests, the depletion of fisheries, the burning of fossil fuels, the use of toxic chemicals, and the release of genetically-modified organisms.”

“Despite rhetoric about poverty alleviation and sustainable development, the ministerial official statement (known as the Doha declaration) gives the WTO new powers to restrain governments from regulating the order generic cialis behavior of global corporations. …
The Doha agenda has empowered the WTO to: Increase corporate control over natural resources by allowing decisions about their use to be driven even more closely by the short-term demands of ordering viagra online global financial markets; Intensify export-based forestry, farming, and fishing, as well as fossil fuels burning, mining, and other natural resource exploitation; Eliminate more conservation and community development policies as unfair "barriers" to trade; Determine who captures the remnants of the world's collapsing natural resources; Subordinate multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) to the rights of corporations enshrined in the WTO rules.
“… FAO (the United Nations Food and buy viagra pill Agriculture Organization), considered by many international bodies and by the forestry profession as the maximum authority on the subject of forests, is manipulating data on the true situation in such a way as to cover up the seriousness of the destruction process.

Above from: World Rainforest Movement / WRM Bulletin No. 61

Also Read:

+World Bank’s lending for fossil fuel skyrockets as it positions itself as the “climate bank” / Bank Information Center, 23 July 2008:

--“As the World Bank prepares to launch two new climate investment funds at the upcoming G8 summit, and positions itself as the "climate bank," new statistics developed by the Bank Information Center show that the World Bank's private sector arm, the International Financial Corporation (IFC), increased its lending for fossil fuel projects by a staggering 165% in FY2008. Taken as a whole, the World Bank Group increased its fossil-fuel lending by 60% in the same period.”

+ Obama faces key decisions about ethanol / The Hill, 2009:

“The corn ethanol industry sucks up $2 out of every $3 the government spends to support renewable energy, according to a new report from the Environmental Working Group (EWG) based on data from the Energy Information Administration.”

+ Ethanol vehicles pose significant risk to health, new report finds / Stanford News Service, 2007:

--mixing Ethanol with gasoline (E85 for cars, ect.) actually causes more pollution than gasoline alone.

+ The Truth About America’s Energy: Big Oil Stockpiles Supplies and Pockets Profits / US House Report, 2008:

--in 2004, Congress released millions of acres of buy viagra free shipping protected public lands to oil drilling, yet: Onshore = only 13 million out of 50 million acres have been developed; Offshore = only 10 million of 45 million developed!!!
written by solargroupies, June 09, 2009
Good article. As Grandma used to say, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Another good reason for US policy to be investing in conservation measures first, where we can get immediate bang for the buck.
written by MD, June 09, 2009
For all the CRP land around here that gets money for not being farmed but instead it just lays fallow, it should instead be used to plant trees, lots of them.
written by Fred, July 06, 2009
Sounds very interesting. The protection of the rain forests are important.

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